Noni (Morinda citrifolia) is an evergreen shrub native to tropical regions in the Pacific Ocean. The leaves and fruit of the noni have been used for medicinal purposes, although the juice from the fruit may be the most popular form. In laboratory research, noni is being studied for its properties as an antioxidant and an immune system booster, as well as for its ability to fight tumors and treat diabetes.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is having too much glucose (sugar) in the blood. This happens because the pancreas cannot make enough insulin. Glucose is an essential source of energy for the brain and is one of the sources of energy for the body. Glucose in the bloodstream comes from carbohydrate foods, which are changed into glucose after we have eaten them.
Glucose also comes from the liver, which converts fat and protein into glucose to make sure there is a constant glucose supply even when we are not eating. For people without diabetes the level of glucose in the body is between 4 and 8 mmol/L.
Insulin is produced in the pancreas and has two jobs in the body – the first is to transport glucose from the blood supply into fat and muscle cells, where it can be used for energy. The second is to switch off the liver once the level of glucose in the blood is high enough.
Diabetes is the result of the body not creating enough insulin to keep blood glucose levels in the normal range. It cannot presently be cured but it can be controlled and you can lead a full and active life.
People who do not make any insulin (or very little) have Type 1 diabetes. Because the immune system destroys the pancreas they have stopped making insulin, and their body is unable to use glucose for energy. They tend to lose weight very quickly because their body is actually being starved. Their health rapidly deteriorates and they would die if insulin were not given. They therefore require insulin by injection plus healthy eating to stay alive and maintain good health.
People with Type 2 diabetes are still making insulin but the production is sluggish or their body is resistant to insulin. Becoming overweight is almost always the cause of the body becoming resistant to insulin and can trigger Type 2 diabetes, even in young people. Type 2 diabetes can be treated with weight loss and regular physical activity. Medication in the form of tablets is often required to reduce the resistance to insulin or to stimulate the pancreas to make more insulin. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition in that the pancreas continues to get more sluggish over time. People with Type 2 diabetes may eventually require insulin.
Causes of Diabetes Type 2:
In Type 2 diabetes, either the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the cells in the body don’t recognise the insulin that is present. The end result is the same: high levels of glucose in your blood.
About a third of people with Type 2 diabetes also have high blood pressure (hypertension) and / or disordered levels of fats (cholesterol) in their blood (the medical name for this is dyslipidaemia). This combination of diabetes with hypertension and dyslipidaemia is sometimes called ‘the metabolic syndrome’ or syndrome X. Type 2 diabetes most often occurs in adulthood usually after the ages of 30 – 40 years.
However, increasing numbers of teenagers and children are developing Type 2 diabetes.
Some groups of people are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes. These are Maori, Polynesians or Asians, people who are overweight, people who have a blood relative with Type 2 diabetes, women who have had a baby weighing more than 4 kg (9 pounds) or people who don’t exercise enough. If you have a blood relative with Type 2 diabetes you are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes yourself. However Type 2 diabetes sometimes occurs in people who have no one in their family with the condition.
Noni is effective to treat diabetes
A team from Directorate of Pharmaceutical and Medical Technology, Deputy for Agroindustrial and Biotechnology, Agency for The Assessment and Application of Technology, Indonesia had done pre clinical test to Noni juice by using animals. This was done as scientific clarification about the claims of Noni health benefits. They chose to test some claims especially on diseases that were being increased that time. Three benefits that were tested: anti hypertension, anti-diabetes and lower blood cholesterol. The pre-clinical test about anti-diabetes benefit of Noni juice was done to male and female mice that were given alloxan substance to cause diabetes. This research was done for three weeks with single dosage of Noni juice as much as 0.22 ml/20 gram weight or equal with two tablespoons.
Apparently, blood sugar levels in both male and female mice were reduced after they consumed Noni juice. And, the reduction was bigger on group of mice who drank Noni juice longer (two weeks compared with one week).
This study about blood sugar level supported empirical information that Noni had a benefit to lower blood sugar level. It was suspected that proxeronine content in Noni was capable recovering pancreatic beta cells.
In the mice bodies, proxeronine was changed into xeronine. It had capability to convert peptides or amino acids into protein. Even in broken pancreas, protein is divided. That’s why xeronine can regenerate broken pancreatic cells.
“With the discovery of Proxeronine, human life expectancy is increased. Various diseases that are caused by the damage or dead of particular organ cells could be revitalization and regenerated,” Dr.Marullah, a naturopathy nerve specialist said. Proxeronine substance that is produced by Noni can revitalization and regenerated damaged pancreatic cells, so it will produce enough insulin. In the end, the insulin will normalize blood sugar level.
If you want to try Noni juice as an alternative to treat diabetes, you can find various products of Noni juices in the market easily. However, some products are sold expensively and have been mixed with other juice, so they are not pure Noni juice. There are some products that add sugar in their recipes, while it should be avoided by people with diabetes. You should try to find products that are made from 100 percent of Noni juice without additional sugar or juice. These products will give you maximum benefits and safe for people with diabetes.
There is one warning for people with diabetes type 1. Don’t replace insulin injection with Noni juice. The juice could prohibit insulin injection absorption. You should consult with a doctor before you can take Noni juice as remedy for diabetes.
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